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We at Rugidea.com did a research to provide some literature for our readers,
visitors, and customers to provide them with some facts about our talented and artist
weavers who make our beautiful Qashqai Collection tribal rugs. It is almost certain
that the Turkish speaking groups which later formed the Qashqai Tribe migrated to
Fars region in south west Iran some 600 years ago. The appearance of the Qashqai
as a tribe happened in a later date at the end of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1736)
around 300 years ago, and prior to that there never was such a tribe. The migration
of these groups did not happen at once. Several Turkish speaking clans and
sub-clans united under the leadership of "Johnnie Agha Qashqai ", and formed the
There are different theories about the origins of Qashqai's, none of which are
certain, but the most probable one is that they migrated from different regions from
the north and north west such as Turkmenistan, Caucasus, and Asia minor. This
can be backed by the fact that many of the Qashqai's today have light skin, blond
hair, and green/blue eyes. There are also some similarities between their dialects
and those of the Shahsavans of the East Azerbaijan. There are also some
similarities between the motives of their kilims and needle works. Qahqahi's have
mixed with other Turkish and non-Turkish speaking groups such as Kurds and Lurs.
There are also some elements of Turkmen, Caucasian, and Turkish rug weaving
traditions and motives in Qashqai rugs and kilims.
Qashqai tribe is consisted of six clans, such as Shesh Boluki, Large Kashkuli,
Darreh Shoori, Amaleh, Farsi Madan, and small Kashkuli. Many of our weavers at
www.rugidea.com are from the Kashkuli clan who are very knowledgeable and artist.
Some groups of Qashqai's were forced to move to Khorasan region in the north
east of Iran neighboring with Afghanistan. This was based on a decree issued by
Nader Shah (ruled 1736-1747). During these twenty years or so, the Qashqai's
were affected by the weaving tradition of the region in which they resided. Herati or
mahi (fish) design found its way to Qashqai weaving and this was a side effect of
this migration. Some other groups of Qashqai's went to Kerman at a later date and
they also took some of the designs and motives from Kerman rug weaving traditions
with them to Fars region.
Qashqai's migrate in the summer to the north to the Zagros mountain and in the
winter to the south by the Persian Gulf in search of pasture for their cattle, mostly
sheep and goats. The range of their migration is about 300 miles. They live in black
tents (siah chador) made of goat hair which is greasy and serves almost as a
waterproof material. These tents are easy to assemble and disassemble. The
weavers also use horizontal looms which can be easily put on the horses when the
summer or winter migration times come by.
Today, Qashqai ladies weave the most beautiful Gabbeh and tribal rugs of the world
by handspun local wool dyed with natural dye. The rug weaving is completely done
by women, and men only help with the wool sheering from the sheep and the dyeing
process. The Qashqai children go to school while their mothers weave rugs.
Although we provide the yarn and give instructions to our Qashqai weavers, but
they are free to use their imagination and add the motives they like to the original
design. This is what makes our Qashqai Collection different from city, workshop
rugs. We, at www.rugidea.com usually use one design for one piece and one size,
so all our Qashqai Collection rugs are unique and not duplicated. Each piece has its
own specifications and is a piece of art.
Our designs are too many and can be classified into three main categories:
1- Traditional or classic
2- Contemporary or modern
3- Transitional or the ones which do not fit into traditional or contemporary
|* The pictures are sorted based on the order of Gabbeh rug making process *